Security By Design

‘Security by Design’ (SBD) is a concept in the protection of public spaces (including places of worship) that promotes the idea that security is best achieved if addressed from the very beginning of the planning and design of a public space.

There are 4 key principles of Security by Design – Multifunctionality; Proportionality; Design Aesthetics; Stakeholder Cooperation. To achieve the integration of SBD in public spaces, multiple actors (including security advisers, architects, engineers, and technology experts) must come together and collaborate during all phases of the planning, design and delivery process.

Security by Design becomes even more important for faith institutions since terrorist attacks and other malicious acts often target public spaces and other unguarded areas (soft targets), which include places of worship. Places Of Worship (POW) are often easy targets because of their open nature and can therefore be high risk. Security by Design is a useful consideration for POW to enable finding the appropriate balance between the efficient protection of religious institutions and people, while also maintaining the openness and attractiveness of places of worship.

EFI promotes the exchange of Security by Design best practices, creating SBD networks, and the publication of SBD guidance material. Our extensive work within the Security arena across the UK, Europe and internationally has reinforced the realization that security is best achieved by applying ‘SBD’ in the protection of public spaces.

Resources and Documents