Security By Design

‘Security by Design’ (SBD) is a concept in the protection of public spaces (including places of worship) based on the idea that security is best achieved if addressed from the very beginning of the planning and design of a public space.

Security by Design (SBD) has four key principles:

  • Multi-functionality
  • Proportionality
  • Design aesthetics
  • Stakeholder cooperation

SBD is the guiding principle of the European Commission’s ‘Action Plan to Support the Protection of Public Spaces’.

To implement SBD in public spaces, multiple actors (including security advisers, architects, engineers, and technology experts) must come together and collaborate during all phases of the planning, design and delivery process.

SBD is very relevant and important for faith institutions since these can often be targeted in terrorist attacks and hate crimes. The open nature of places of worship makes them a soft target. Applying SBD can enable them to find the appropriate balance between protection of religious institutions and worshippers, and keeping the openness and attractiveness of places of worship.

EFI has done extensive work in the security arena across the UK and other countries in Europe as well as globally, and firmly believes that security in public spaces is best achieved through the application of SBD. EFI promotes the sharing of SBD best practices, creation of SBD networks, and publication of SBD guidance material.

Resources and Documents